From 1850 to 1880 a record was kept for agricultural, manufacturing, social statistics and supplemental schedules.
States: AL, CA, CT, GA, IL, IA, KS, ME, MI, MN, NE, NY, NC, OH, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WA Terr.
Agricultural: lists farms, plantations, market gardens with the following:
 name of owner, agent, manager
 total acreage & value
 value of machinery, livestock
 amount of staples produced
 value of animals slaughtered
1880 - categorized by owner, tenant, sharecropper
Industry/manufacturing: manufacturing, fishing, mercantile, commercial, trading businesses listed with annual gross product over $500.
 corporation, company, industry, type of business
 capital investment
 quantity & value of resources used
 quantity of yearly production
 number hired
1870 - separated child and adult labor
1880 - companies were categorized
Social & supplemental
 cemetery facilities within city with maps, closures, etc.
 trade societies, lodges, clubs, etc.
 churches with history, membership by county
[see ancestry.com for more info]