Thursday, October 19, 2017

The Best Laid Plans......

Well, I had grand plans for my Kentucky research trip: A stop at the Campbell Co. Genealogical & Historical Society Library in Alexandria, followed by a visit to the Pendleton Co. Library in Falmouth. I would be looking for information on the Crail, Berry and Mullins families. [The latter for my girlfriend.]

I received an email on Wednesday that the Courthouse in Alexandria was being renovated and the CCHGS, housed there would be closed until sometime in November. Argh!

So that left the library in Falmouth. I was able to access the "Pioneers of Pendleton County, KY" & copied the pages covering the above named families. Added to that was information on a few allied families. The library held abstracted tax and court records, as well.

It was not the haul I had hoped for, but a nice haul nonetheless. Details forthcoming!

Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Research trip coming!

Hopefully the Crail story will flesh out some as I venture to Campbell and Pendleton Counties in neighboring Kentucky this week.

I have made contact with research facilities in both counties. [Always advisable! Your schedule may not fit theirs, especially if your destination relies on volunteers!]

I have a rough idea of what material both places have on the families that I'm interested in. [Check with staff or the facility's holdings or catalog before you go.]

I will organize my notes and venture forth in hopes of finding plenty of new details or, at least, verify what I have. [The more evidence, the better!]

Report on results forthcoming!

Sunday, October 15, 2017

Crails in the Indy Directories

In my quest to locate my Crail ancestors, I have searched the Indy directories [primarily] from 1855 until about 1952.

The earliest entry was for Sylvester Crail in 1863. He resided in west Indianapolis and was listed as a soldier. Entries were spotty from 1865-1873. Sylvester appeared 5 times, his step-son William, 3 times and brother John once.

Using census and other records to assist the search, I have been able to match most of the Crails within four groups, those of the four brothers: Sylvester, John, Aaron and George.

Knowing when certain family members were elsewhere - having moved, military service, etc. has been helpful. So utilizing the census, marriage, military, tax, land, death and other record groups is crucial to the search. Family lore can help too!

For example, knowing that Aaron's family [widow Catherine and kids] was in Hamilton Co., IN during most of the 1870s was helpful. The 1880 census placed them back in Hamilton Co. [Eldest son James, a blacksmith, at least was in Indy for 1778-80.]  James next shows up in Indianapolis in the 1913 directory [1911-12 are missing].

Knowing that he was in Peru or Tipton, IN through the early 1890s, steered me away from Indy. Various records [birth, marriage, veterinary college, directories, census, federal employment ] gave me his location until 1911, when he was transferred back to Indy.

It takes a variety of records to complete a story!
 

Saturday, October 14, 2017

City Directories

City directories are a fantastic source for researching urban ancestors. Some locales publish rural or suburban directories as well. I have utilized directories for cities of various sizes: Chicago, Muncie,  Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Covington, Newport, Marion, Peru, Shelbyville and others - mostly in Indiana and the Cincinnati area.

The format is fairly routine: names are, of course, alphabetized. With each entry you will find the given name, occupation, residence (whether the person is the householder [h] or boarder [b]), and in some cases the place of employment. If a woman is widowed, then (widow of _____) will be entered.

You may also find advertisements for a relative's business. Streets are listed in the back of the directories with house/business numbers and residents/owners. [You can find out which relatives lived nearby!] There is a list of abbreviations near the front of each directory.

Check the town or city of interest to see when the directories were published. Directories may be missing for some years. Ancestry.com, World Vital Records and some other sites offer a limited number of directories. Most libraries will have copies on microform or the actual directories.

If you are researching Indianapolis-based ancestors, Indiana University - Purdue University at Indianapolis [IUPUI] has a superb digital collection of city and suburban directories beginning with 1855 and running to 2001. https://ulib.iupui.edu/collections/icd You can do a keyword/surname search or simply flip through the pages.

If your ancestor is not in the directory, check the next few years earlier and later. He/she may have been missed.

Once the ancestor stops showing, you can assume that they moved, died, or in the case of females - remarried. I have seen one entry that stated that the person returned to Ireland!

Entries had probably reached the age of majority at his/her first listing.

Don't let the occupation mislead you. A person may be listed as a laborer one year, a carpenter the next and then as a mechanic. Focus on the specific - he was probably a carpenter. [Early on, a mechanic was someone who worked with his hands.] Mechanic, as in auto mechanic, wouldn't be common until cars became commonplace.

Location can help you with relationships. Same address? Probably family. Folks with a common surname [rare, unusual or limited number] are probably related. [This does not apply with Smith, Jones, Lee or entries with 25 or more of that surname.] Surnames that frequent a given neighborhood are likely family.

City directories are a valuable resource, fun and interesting to examine.

Friday, October 13, 2017

What new information was gleaned from Sylvester Crail's State Soldiers' Home Application?

Prior to acquiring a copy of Sylvester's application, which was made by written request to the ISSH, I knew his service record, date & place of birth, etc. I was hoping for some new details into Sylvester's life and his family's.

What I learned:
1] He was living in Carmel. Hamilton Co., IN in 1897.
2] Sylvester arrived in Indiana at age 12 & had resided in Marion & Hamilton Co. for 30 years. [That would mean he arrived in Indiana about 1847 & the Hamilton/Marion area in 1867.]
3] He laid claim to two marriages in 1857 & 1886, both in Indy. [That would mean he was off by 10 years on his residency in Hamilton/Marion.]
4] There were 3 surviving Crail kids: Ann E. Lyons [30, California], Sarah [25, Cal.] & John S. [23, Carmel, IN] [Again, he was off on details. They were all about 10 years older than he reported.]

How accurate the details were depended upon Sylvester's recollections. The doctor reported Sylvester suffered from chronic gastritis and was very feeble and unable to work. His memory may well have been affected. Sylvester died the next year at age 63.

Thursday, October 12, 2017

Civil War Research: State Soldiers Home Applications

You may have a Civil War vet who spent his final years in a Veterans Home or State Soldiers Home. The veteran would have been required to apply for residency. That application might have some very valuable information for the family historian.

Aaron Crail's eldest brother, Sylvester, found himself in dire circumstances by 1897 and applied for admission to the Indiana State Soldiers' Home in Lafayette, Tippecanoe Co., IN. The following questions were asked on the application. I would imagine that similar questions were asked on the forms for other states' soldiers' homes.

1] full name & age
2] when & where born
3] company & regiment
4] rank
5] were you enlisted more than once? if so company & regiment
6] dates of enlistment
7] where enlisted
8] muster-in date
9] discharge date
10] where discharged
11] honorable discharge?
12] receive pension? how much?
13] nature of disability
14] occupation
15] able to read & write
16] money or property? how much?
17] resident of state?
18] how long? give town, county
19] marital status, when & where married to current spouse
20] age of wife
21] do you wish wife to join you?
22] number of children living, names, ages, PO address of each
23] unable to support self & family?
24] agree to do proper amount of work & obey rules of ISSH?
25] previous application to a Nat'l or State home?
26] discharged from same? reason
27] understand rules, promise to obey them?
28] willing to pay costs of residence?
29] willing to pay to gain residence?

The application was to be notarized and accompanied by a physician's certificate.

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Civil War Service Records: follow-up

Yesterday's post detailed Aaron Crail's Civil War service file. Today, I will flesh it out and offer some research suggestions.

Service record highlights:
(1) Company descriptive book card: This is a gem.  In addition to rank, company and regiment, the card gives you the age, height, weight, hair and eye color and complexion of your ancestor. The date, place and term of enlistment is also given.

(2) Company muster, muster-in and muster-out rolls: The date and place of signing up, enlisting and mustering-out [discharge] is given.

(3) Company muster rolls: Every two months a card was added to the file with any or all of the following information: present or absent, stoppage of pay or amount due the government from the soldier, remarks [explains why soldier was absent or present], surname of person filing muster information.

(4) Hospital muster roll: Details on when, where soldier was hospitalized.

(5) Returns: Details on hospital stays.

Aaron Crail  enlisted on 9 March 1864 and was mustered in as a private in Co. I, 124th Indiana Infantry on 17 March 1864. [The same dates and unit as brother John.] Aaron was reported sick while on duty at Cleveland, TN on 5 April 1864. He was hospitalized at Atlanta on 18 August. By January 1865, Aaron had been transferred to Columbia, TN, where he was fit enough to serve on safe guard duty [possibly hospital guard or protecting local citizens]. Over the next two months, he was back in the hospital. By April, Crail had been removed to Camp Dennison near Cincinnati, OH. During May, Aaron was in Louisville, KY [on leave or seeking medical treatment?]. Crail was discharged and sent home on 6 June 1865.

The 124th saw action during the Atlanta Campaign [May - Sep 1864]. Torrential rains fell during the campaign. Aaron contracted, or exacerbated, a case of tuberculosis/consumption during the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.

Aaron would survive less than three years after the war. He died on 28 March 1868 on his farm near Castleton, IN.

Further research:
(1) Soldiers and Sailors System Database: If you have a name, you can probably find your soldier.
(2) Fold3 has the pension card index for Civil War soldiers [as do other sites]. Use the pension number to order the file.
(3) NARA: Order service and pension files from the Nat'l Archives. [Hiring a genealogist to copy the files may be cheaper than NARA copy fees.
(4) Look up regimental histories on-line.
(5) Check appropriate state archives for enlistment records of soldiers and unit histories.


Tuesday, October 10, 2017

Civil War Research: The Military Service File

If you have a Civil War ancestor who served in the Union Army, be sure to request the service file from the National Archives [NARA]. If your soldier - or his widow - filed for a pension, request the FULL pension. It may cost a bit more, but you won't miss anything of potential interest.

The service file is the main subject today. The soldier's cover sheet will give his name, rank, company and regiment. There will also be a series of card numbers listed. These cards will give you the veterans service history. There will also be a line showing the "Number of personal papers herein."

I'm going to use my great-great-grandfather Aaron Crail's service file as an example.

Cover page: Crail, Aaron - Co. I - 124th Indiana Infantry - Private
There are 16 card numbers listed and 0 personal papers.

1st card: Company Muster Roll: period of enrollment - to Apr 29, 1864; joined - 9 Apr 1864 at Indianapolis for a period of 3 yrs.; mustered - same date & place; present at muster

2nd card: Detachment Muster-in Roll: age 24; Pvt., Co. I, 124th Ind. Inf.; Indianapolis, Mar 17, 1864; paid $60 bounty.

3rd card: Company Descriptive Book: age - 24; height - 5'10"; dark complexion; hazel eyes; dark hair; born - Marion, OH; occupation: farmer; enlisted: Mar 9, 1864, Indianapolis by T.F. Howell for 3 yr. term.

4th card: Muster for May & June, 1864 - present

5th card: Muster for July & Aug., 1864 - absent; sick in hospital since Aug 19, 1864.

6th card: Muster for Sep. & Oct., 1864 - absent; left sick in field hospital near Atlanta on Aug. 18, 1864.

7th card: Muster for Nov. & Dec., 1864 - absent; left sick in field hospital near Atlanta on Aug. 18, 1864.

8th card: Muster for Jan. & Feb., 1865 - absent; in hospital at Camp Dennison, OH.

9th card: Muster for Mar. & Apr., 1865 - absent; hospital, Camp Dennison

10th card: Muster for May & June, 1865 - Discharged June 6/65 at Camp Dennison, OH by order of War Dept.

11th card: Muster-out Roll: Greensboro, NC, Aug 31, 1865; last paid June 30, 1864.

12th card: Hospital Muster Roll: Dennison USA General Hospital, 6th Division, Camp Dennison, OH for Nov. & Dec., 1864; Attached to hospital - Nov. 26, 1864 - sick; present.

13th card: Hospital Muster Roll: Jan. & Feb., 1865 - sick, present.

14th card: Hospital Muster Roll: Mar. & Apr., 1865; Attached to hospital Dec. 18, 1864 - sick, present.

15th card: Appears on Returns as follows:
Aug/64 - sick Cleveland, TN [Apr 5/64] 
Sep/64 - field hospital, Atlanta, GA [Aug 18/64]
Oct - Dec/64 - sick in hospital
Jan/65 - on safe guard, Columbia, TN
Feb - Mar/65 - sick at hospital
Apr/65 - hospital at Camp Dennison, OH
May/65 - absent Louisville, KY
June 6/65 - Cincinnati, mustered out in accordance with telegram dated War Dept., May 2/65

16th card: Detachment Muster-out Roll: mustered out on June 6, 1865, Camp Dennison, OH; paid to June 30/65 [$78.43]; bounty paid -$60; bounty due -$240; mustered out by order by telegram A.G.B. May 3, 1865.

Here you have the military record of Aaron Crail. Aaron spent most of his time in a hospital. Other soldiers' records will show more of their field action.

I'll sum up the record in tomorrow's post.

Sunday, October 8, 2017

Next step in the Crail Research: Road Trip!!

I feel that I have about exhausted all of the on-line resources for the Crail family. That leaves a trip to where records might be available. I am planning to make a trip to Pendleton and Campbell Counties in Kentucky where the family lived during the early 1800s.

I am hoping that local resources will shed some light on Thomas Crail Jr., his ancestors and descendants.

The trip won't be for a couple of weeks, so this will probably the last Crail post until I return from the Bluegrass State.

Saturday, October 7, 2017

The Death of James B. Crail Jr.

I have bee speculating on James Berry Crail Jr.'s death in several posts. His demise probably came between 1854 and 1875 [his last appearance in records and his wife's appearance in the city directories.] If the Mrs. Crail in the 1860 Warren Twp., Marion, IN Census was James' widow, then he died between 1854 and the 1860 enumeration. The question then becomes where?

Aaron Crail died in Hamilton Co., IN in 1868 and was buried in the small Eller Cemetery near his home.

Sylvester died at the Indiana State Soldiers Home in Lafayette, IN  in 1898 and was buried there.

John died in Indy in 1907 and was buried at Crown Hill's National Cemetery.

George died in 1920 and was buried at Crown Hill.

Mary [Jones] Crail died in 1887 and was buried at Crown Hill.

Numerous family members were buried at Crown Hill as well.

If memory serves me correctly, Crown Hill opened in the early 1860s. Bodies interred at the old city cemetery were moved there after a flood.

If James died during the early 70's in Indy, Crown Hill would have been the likely burial site. If earlier, was he born in a farm cemetery plot? In another county's small cemetery? Was he visiting family out of state when he died? The family seems to have stuck to Marion and surrounding counties, so James likely died in the area. Perhaps it was in an unmarked grave? That mystery may never be solved!

Friday, October 6, 2017

The 1860 census mystery!

There is one extreme longshot clue on Mary A. Crail - the 1860 census.

1860 Warren Twp., Marion Co., IN [Film # M653_279 /803279, p. 239]

James Snyder    55 m farmer             b. VA
Lucy A.  "         41  f  house keeping b. NY
C.H. Smith       18  m farm laborer    b. IN [all children b. IN]
Alonzo Snyder 16  m farm laborer
Elizabeth  "      13  f
Abigail     "      11  f
Wilson S. "       9  m
Emma      "       4   f
Clara       "        2  f
        Crail       45  f                          b. OH

Who is this woman surnamed Crail born c1815 in Ohio? The first name is nearly illegible. It does begin with the letter 'M', but appears to be Mrs. Could this be Mary A. Crail? Warren Twp. is just east of Indianapolis/Center Twp.

James Snyder married Nancy A. Smith on 23 Apr 1843. Lucy Simmons had married Collins C. Smith on 10 Oct 1840 in Switzerland Co., IN. [Nancy & Lucy are the same person.] C.H. Smith was a product of that marriage. There are no apparent ties between the Smith, Snyder & Simmons families.

Could this woman be Mary A. [Jones] Crail? Perhaps. The age is close, off by only 2-3 years. The birthplace of Ohio is spot on. I suspect that the family was in central Indiana. Sylvester, John & Aaron were living in southern Hamilton Co. or in rural Marion Co. George was in Indianapolis, or close enough to enlist from there during the Civil War. In 1860, he was old enough [17] to have been a farm or day laborer & living with another family. James B. Crail may have died between 1854-59.

Thursday, October 5, 2017

Mary A. Jones, a.k.a. Mrs. James B. Crail: What I know about her.

What I know about Mary A. Jones Crail:

(1) She was born in Ohio according to her death certificate, census records and the death records of at least two of her sons.

(2) Mary died in Indianapolis on 11 Aug 1887 at the age of 76, placing her birth about 1811.

(3) She was the wife of James B. Crail and the mother of Sylvester, John, Aaron & George. Mary & James probably married about 1832/3.

(4) Her father was T. Jones according to her death certificate. Mother listed as "unknown."

(5) Mary bought town lots in Marietta, Shelby, IN in 1851 & 1853. She and James sold the lots in 1854.

(6) She is listed as Mrs. Mary Crail in the 1875/6 Indy directory, residing at 353 E. Market, home of son John Crail.

(7) The 1876/7 directory has her as Mrs. Mary Crail, residing at the home of son Sylvester.

(8) Mary is not listed in the 1877/8 & 1878 directories.

(9) In 1879, 1882, 1883, 1885 & 1886, she was entered as Mary A. Crail [widow James] & resided at the home of son John. Mary did not appear in the 1880, 1881 or 1884 directories.

(10) Mary was enumerated in Indianapolis in 1880, in the household of her son, John. The record gives the birthplace of her father as Kentucky & her mother as Ohio.

(11) Following her death in 1887, Mary was interred at Crown Hill Cemetery in Indy.

Wednesday, October 4, 2017

Bits and Pieces on James B. Crail Jr.

What bits and pieces of facts do I know about James B. Crail Jr.?

(1) From the 1880-1900 census records and death certificate of his son John, James was born in Ohio. If James was the eldest of James and Margaret Crail and born about 1809 - his parents were in Southern Ohio at that time, perhaps married there enroute to Kentucky.

(2) He resided with his parents in Pendleton Co., KY until 1820 when James Sr. moved to Indiana [Harrison Co. 1820s. Washington Co. 1830]

(3) By about 1832, James was married, probably in Ohio, to Mary A. Jones. 

(4) His two eldest sons, Sylvester [1835] and John [1837], were born in Hamilton Co., OH. Tax records support this time frame.

(5) Aaron was born in Marion Co., OH  in 1839.

(6) Shelby Co., IN tax lists suggest that he was in that county with the rest of the family. George's birth certificate states that he was born in Miami Co. [well north of Shelby] in 1843.

(7) On 28 Nov 1849,  a James B. Crail & others deed the site for the building of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Colerain Twp., Hamilton Co., OH.

(8) From 1851-1854, James and Mary were in Marietta, Shelby Co., IN [town lot deeds].

(9) Census, marriage, military records and city directories place Sylvester, John and Aaron in Hamilton and Marion Counties, IN from 1854-1875. [Aaron had died in 1868; Sylvester married in Johnson Co.- bordering Shelby - in 1854.]

(9) From 1875-1887 [her death], Mary A. [Jones] Crail was residing in Indianapolis.

(10) James died between 1854 and 1875, probably in Central Indiana.

Monday, October 2, 2017

Ancestry of Elizabeth Berry Crail

Working from Find A Grave, the Van Gundy Family, Geni and Wiki Trees, the following is believed to be the ancestry of Elizabeth Berry, wife of Thomas Crail Jr.

(1) Elizabeth Berry [c1760 prob. VA - aft 1812 KY?]
     m. Thomas Crail c1774 possibly MD

(2) Enoch Berry Sr. [c1725 King George Co., VA - 1818 KY]
      m. unk - bef 1750 VA

(3) Henry Berry [c1694 King George Co., VA - 16 May 1748-3 Feb 1748/9 King George Co., VA]
     m. Sarah Porch [1694-1750] c1715 VA

(4) Henry Berry [1652 Old Rappahannock Co., VA - 7 Oct 1695 Henrico Co., VA]
      m. Sarah Harper [c1655-1714] c1672 VA

(6) Henry Berry [1626 England - 1677 Old Rappahannock Co., VA]
      m. Ann Saunders [1628 Lancaster Co., VA - aft 1677 VA] c1649 VA

Do I have any issues with the proposed lineage? Yes, getting Elizabeth from VA to MD in order to marry Thomas Crail. I haven't tracked down Enoch's migration into KY as of yet, so his route is not known. Other than that crucial little detail.....

Sunday, October 1, 2017

Find A Grave: Cautionary tales from a personal standpoint

As promised, here are a few "oops!" moments that I have discovered while using Find A Grave. I am relatively sure that all are a result of the information available to the contributor, not malicious research errors. The handful of items show here are on my Crail family.

(1) John Berry Crail:  Married Malissa (Bowley) Crail. Son of James Berry & Mary A. (Jones) Crail. Father of Albert Ruttle, Bertha, Cora, and Mary. Brother of Aaron, Mary E., George & Sylvester.

My records show John's middle initial as 'V.' He married Melissa Richardson, not Bowley. I have not located any records confirming a sister named Mary E. Crail.

(2) James Berry Crail Jr.: died 25 March 1868. Daughter Mary E. born about 1864.

Son Aaron died on 25 March 1868. The odds of father and son dying on the same day are slim. No records for James have been located after 1854. A daughter born in 1864? Mother Mary A. [Jones] Crail was born in 1811. That would mean she was 53 when Mary E. was born. I doubt that seriously.
John, son of James and Mary, died have a daughter, Mary E. Crail, born in 1864.

(3) Sylvester E, Crail: His middle initial was 'B.' Two children were omitted - Sarah J. and John.

(4) George Berry Crail, Sr.: Son of James Berry Jr and Mary A. (Jones) Crail. Married Anna (Holly) July 1, 1870. Father of Mary Ellen, James Franklin, Margaret, Alice, Geo. Berry JR., Harry Everett Crail and others.

Harry Everett Crail was the son of James and Mima [Simmons] Crail, not George B. This has been one of my pet peeves for years! Crail researchers just keep repeating that error.

(5) John Crail: Son of Catherine (O'Neil) and Aaron Crail. Brother of Georgie (Bender), Margaret (Church), David, Tom, and James.

Although Catherine and Aaron had a son John, this isn't him. This happens to be the son of Sylvester. Sylvester's John died 29 Dec 1925 [b. 1867]. Aaron's John was born in 1864, but there is no further info on him. Georgie and Margaret were actually Catherine and Martha.


There are my Big 5 for my Crails. Again, let me emphasize that Find A Grave is a wonderful site and great tool for family historians. It is also subject human error! Use it often Use it with caution.

Saturday, September 30, 2017

Find A Grave

One of the best websites for family history researchers is Find A Grave. For those of you not familiar with the site, it contains information on people interred in thousands of cemeteries around the world. In some cases, burial places are unknown, but biographical information is given anyway. Links are provided to spouses, parents and children. An asterisk notes "calculated relationships" among family members.

Birth and death dates and places are given. A bio is also included. It may be a sentence or two, a published obituary, or several paragraphs about the subject. Photos of the person, the cemetery where he/she is buried or tombstone [if available] may be included. Documents [birth or death certificate, marriage record, etc.] may also be included.

The name of the person contributing the biographical info and the photos or documents is also given.

Find A Grave is beta-testing a new/updated site, which you can access from each page.

Entries will turn up on search engines or you can go to the site and enter what you know: name, birth, death, location [country, state/province, county/shire/parish, cemetery info and so forth].

You are at the mercy of the information provided, however. The contributor may have access to inaccurate details on the subjects. You will need to verify the vital statistics and biographical information, as well as conforming the spouses, parents and children. It's always a good idea to have multiple sources for a date or event, anyway.

Find A Grave has provided me with pictures of gravestones of ancestors and relatives. Clues to where to look for additional information have been frequent. All in all, it is a great site - treated with proper precaution.

I'll offer a few cautionary tales in the next post.

Friday, September 29, 2017

Thomas Crail Jr. & Elizabeth Berry

Thomas is fairly grounded in documentation. His will was recorded in Pendleton Co., KY in 1809. Thomas appears on the Campbell Co., KY tax lists beginning in 1795. He owned 150 acres on the North Licking River. All of these items can be verified.

Thomas' will named his wife, Elizabeth and sons, Wilson, Absalom, James and John. Also named were his son-in-law Edward Downing and grandchildren: Eliza, Sally, Elizabeth and Polly. Marriage records give us the name of his daughter, Elizabeth. One of the witnesses, Joel Berry, leads us to Elizabeth Crail's parentage. [Spoiler alert! Elizabeth and Joel were siblings.]

The exact date of Elizabeth's death is not known. It is estimated to be about 1840. Both Thomas and Elizabeth were interred in the Thrasher Farm Cemetery at Grassy Creek in Pendleton Co.

As Thomas Crail's will states, the couple had five children:

(1) John: c1775 
(2) Wilson: c1777
(3)  Absalom: c1779
(4) James: 24 Dec 1783 [cousin, James, born exactly one year earlier]
(5) Elizabeth: 1780-82

Thursday, September 28, 2017

Elizabeth Ann Jane Wilson, wife of Thomas Crail Sr.

I discussed the wife of Thomas Crail a couple of days ago. I decided to offer a little more depth today. Some family trees have her listed as Elizabeth Ann Wilson, others as Jane Wilson, Elizabeth Ann "Jane" Wilson, or Jane Elizabeth Wilson.

Four options are given for her father: Nathaniel Michael Wilson, Nathaniel Wilson, James Wilson or unknown Wilson.

Nathaniel Michael Wilson was born in Massachusetts in 1653 and died there in 1721. There is no evidence that he left home for Pennsylvania to have a daughter there. Considering most sources, all undocumented, give Mrs. Crail's birth year as 1724, Nathaniel Michael is ruled out by being deceased at the time.

Nathaniel Michael did have a son, James, by his 2nd wife. James was born in 1696. He was of the right age to have a daughter in 1724, but, again, nothing suggests he migrated to Pennsylvania.

A few trees show this James as being born in New Jersey in 1697. That would be close enough to Chester or Delaware Co., PA to be the father.

Some of the trees offer an alternative father, James Wilson, b. c1700, with no further details.

In several of the Nathaniel trees, his mother and grandmother have the same name, Hannah Craft or Crafts. Possible, but unlikely!

Lacking any documentation that suggests a Wilson from MA moved to PA and fathered a daughter named Elizabeth, Jane, etc., I believe the Nathaniel Wilson line can be removed from Mrs. Crail.

Based on the migratory patterns of the late 17th & early 18th centuries, I would tend to think Wilson was a native of Virginia, Maryland or Pennsylvania. Some New England families did move to NY, NJ & PA, but that tended to include a move farther West [western PA or OH.]

Now what was Mrs. Crail's given name? Elizabeth Ann, Jane, Jane Elizabeth? Jane was not a common nickname for Elizabeth or Ann to the best of my knowledge. I figure "Jane" was added to Elizabeth Ann to cover bases.

Since no evidence has yet to surface identifying Mrs. Crail's name, it is all conjecture at this point.

For now, I'm reasonably comfortably with Jane, daughter of James Wilson, marrying Thomas Crail.

Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Children of Thomas and Jane [Wilson] Crail

The various family group records for Thomas and Jane show a mix of children. They also show an incorrect place of birth, at least for the time the kids were born - Harford Co., MD. Harford was not formed until 1774, when most of the Crail issue had reached adulthood. Prior to that the area was part of Baltimore Co. [The county appears as Hartford in some cases. Hartford is in Connecticut.]

Several of the Crail kids stayed in Harford. It appears that some of the boys ended up in western Pennsylvania, as well. Little, or no, information exists for several of the children, especially the girls.

Here are the "possible children" of Thomas and Jane.

1) Thomas Jr. = c1743 Frederick Co., MD - 23 Apr 1809 Pendleton Co., KY
m. Elizabeth Berry
10 Apr 1809 will names wife Elizabeth, sons Wilson, Absalom, James, John & children of daughter Elizabeth Downing, dec'd.
On muster roll of Capt. Charles Reed's 4th Battalion Washington Co., PA Militia 1781
1790 Census - That part of Washington Co. that became Allegheny Co., PA
He was in Campbell Co., KY by 1795 [tax list]
14 Apr 1797, purchased 150 acres in Grant's Lick from John Grant, in what became Pendleton Co.
On Pendleton Co. tax list 1801-1808.
One of earliest settlers in area.

2) John Boggs = 3 May 1745 MD* - 3 Apr 1839 Raccoon Twp., Beaver Co., PA
m. Althea Body
Served 2 yrs. with Capt. Waggoner's Co., 12th VA Regt., enlisted at Fort Pitt.
Rec'd pension 28 Aug 1829.
Acquired land in Washington Co., PA on 15 Dec 1778.
1790 Census - That part of Wash. Co. that became Allegheny Co.

3) Mary = c1749 MD* - ???
m. 16 Nov 1778 Frederick Co., MD

4) Phillip = c1750 MD* - 1 Oct 1793 Harford Co., MD
m. Margaret Hill Spencer
Deer Creek Hundred tax list 1775-76.
In Annapolis, MD 1785.
Pvt. in Capt. Alexander Ribon's Co. #12, Harford militia.
Schoolmaster.
Died from bite of a copperhead snake.

5) Richard = c1751 MD* - 1824 or 1827 Hardin Co., KY [birth also given as 1765]
m. Ann Brashear - c1785; Nancy Brownfield - 1796
Buried South Fork Baptist Church Cemetery, LaRue Co., KY [Hardin Co. at time of death].
Signed Oath of Fidelity in Frederick Co., MD.
Served in Washington Co., PA Militia.
Crail farm about 2.5 miles from Hodgenville, KY [now LaRue Co.]
Thomas Lincoln was supposed to have rented land from the Crails.

6) Jane = c1751 MD* - ????

7) Alice = c1752 MD* - ????

8) Elizabeth = c1753 MD* - ????

9) William = c1755 MD* - ????
m. Mary Lewis - 13 Jun 1785 Evangelical Lutheran Church, Frederick, Frederick Co., MD
Served with Maryland troops 1776-1783.
Rec'd 100 acre land grant.

10) James = c1760 MD* - 1790 KY
m. Elizabeth Bennington


11) Peter = 175? MD - ????
Signed Oath of Fidelity in Frederick Co., MD 1777
Served in Frederick Co. militia 1775-76.
1790 Frederick Co. census.
I don't know for sure if he fits the family, although Peter appears on a couple of Trees.

*All but Thomas were supposed to have been born in what became Harford Co. Several of the children maintained connections with Frederick Co.

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

The Origins of Thomas Crail Sr.

I am going to begin the Crail line with Thomas Sr. because the details on the various men who have been named as his father are sketchy, at best. A John Creal has been one of the most common "fathers" of Thomas. He was born in 1656, married Ann _____  by 1676 and fathered his only son, Thomas in 1720. John was from England, emigrated to either Scotland or Virginia before 1685. His son was born in Scotland. Thomas Creel/Creal and Hannah Kenner of Scotland are also commonly appear as parents. At least their births are reasonable, about 1695 and 1700, in Scotland, England or Ireland.

(1)Thomas Crail Sr. is regularly reported as 1720. One report has his birth as 1685 and another as 1726.Virginia, Westmoreland Co., VA, Ireland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Mann appear as places of birth; however, Scotland is the most common origin given. Nearly every report has Thomas' death as about 1790 in Harford Co., MD.

In all likelihood, Thomas Crail was born in Scotland about 1720 and died about 1790 in Harford Co., MD.

(2) Elizabeth Ann Wilson, Elizabeth Ann "Jane" Wilson and Jane Wilson are names given for Thomas' wife. She is consistently shown as born in Pennsylvania, generally Chester Co., in 1724. Her death appears as early as 1741, but generally 1770. The location is given as Richmond, Chesterfield, VA or Raccoon Creek, Beaver Co., PA. If Thomas survived Jane, it is moe likely that she died in Maryland. Many reports give her father as Nathaniel Wilson, James Nathaniel Wilson or James Wilson. In examining the information given on Nathaniel Wilson, it appears that this Wilson line was based in Massachusetts and never made it as far south as Pennsylvania. Nathaniel seems to be a convenient add-on for Mrs. Crail's father. Jame Nathaniel? Somebody realized Nathaniel didn't fit and  mixed Nathaniel and James into one person. I also think that Elizabeth Ann "Jane" is a similar convenience.

The wife of Thomas Crail was probably Jane Wilson, born c1724 in Pennsylvania [probably Chester Co.] and died about 1770, possibly in Raccoon Creek, Beaver Co., PA. Jane's father was James Wilson.

(3) Children: In various combinations, the Crail children were Thomas [c1743], John Boggs [c1745], Mary [c1749], Phillip [c1750], Jane [c1751?], Richard [1751?], Alice [c1752], Elizabeth [c1753], William [c1755] and James [c1760]. All were reportedly born in Maryland; either Frederick or Harford County.

Dealing in the shadowy region of speculation, Thomas arrived in Pennsylvania or Maryland before 1740. He probably came from Scotland with his family, some reports claim he came over with a brother named Samuel. Thomas met and married Jane Wilson by about 1741. The couple seems to have settled in Harford Co., MD by the mid-1740s and spent the remainder of their lives there.

I could be wrong!

Sunday, September 24, 2017

Determining Place of Birth

Census records [1850-1940] can be a big help in identifying where family members were born, provided they [or the person providing the data] gave the correct place. I have seen two or three different birthplaces given for an individual in the census. The goal then becomes finding a record that verifies the correct birthplace.

Trying to locate records for earlier ancestors, those who died before 1850, can be a challenge. 1880-1930 censuses can help, if the enumerator gets the accurate information. Parents' birthplaces are given for those censuses. The same fallacy can occur as with 1850-1870. What if John Williams doesn't know for sure where his parents were born? Foreign born locations can be specific or general.
My ancestors born in Baden also gave Germany as place of birth.

Look for records [deeds, wills, taxes, etc.] that place a family member in a certain place at a certain time. If you have a family with 5 children born between 1770 and 1780, deeds and other records can narrow the kids' birthplaces.

John Williams buys land in Bucks Co., PA in 1769, 1772 and 1773. He sells the land in 1774. He then buys land in Frederick Co, VA in 1776. John's will is recorded there in 1788. Williams has the following children: John Jr. [b. 1768], Sarah [b. 1770], Ann [b. 1772], Samuel [b. 1775], Mary [b. 1777] and Joseph [b. 1779].

Deeds show him in Bucks Co. from 1769-1774 and Frederick Co. from 1776-1788. Sarah and Ann were probably born in Bucks Co.; while Mary and Joseph were born in Frederick Co. The 1769 deed may tell where John had lived prior to 1769, giving you John Jr.'s birthplace. As for Samuel? He may have been born in Bucks Co. or on the trip to Virginia. Keep digging!  

Saturday, September 23, 2017

Family Tracking Census Charts

In yesterday's post, I had a variation of a family tracking chart to use with census records. I first ran into the charts at a genealogy conference a few years ago. It is easy to make up your own. Here are a couple of ideas.

(1) 1790 - 1840 chart #1: list the names of family members and their years of birth down the left side. Across the top, make a column for each census. Under each census list the age groups given for each year.You can mark each space for your family members.

(2) 1790 - 1840 chart #2: list names and births down the left. Across the top, list the census year. In each column write the age of the family member for that census. Mark the space for that person as they are located. [this was used in the post]

(3) 1850 -1940 chart: you can extend the charts above to include the later censuses or make new ones in the same format.

Beware of mistakes in the census records! Individuals or families may be missed or duplicated. The 1800-1840 census enumerators used "tick marks" or numbers under each age group. It was not uncommon for them to put a mark in the wrong column!

Friday, September 22, 2017

Tracking a Crail Family in the Census

Census records can be a valuable tool in tracking a family's movement and putting together a family group sheet. Case in point, the family of James Berry Crail.

The 1800-1840 censuses are flawed in that they do not list names of the family or ages. These records break the family down by age groups [5 or 10 year periods] for males, females and slaves. The head of the household is given.

The children of James and Margaret Crail began marrying during the 1830s. Only Margaret, the youngest, failed to marry. James [b. 1783] and Margaret [b. 1784/5] were married about 1808. So, the 1810 census would be the first to look at and 1840 the last. The children and their families should be listed by themselves from 1850 on. [Except for my James B. Jr., of course.

1810 Pendleton Co., KY - James Crale [3m 0-10] [1m 10-15] [1m 26-44] [1f 45+]
1820 Harrison Co., IN - James Crale [2m 0-10] [1m 10-15] [1m 26-44] [3f 0-10] [1f 10-15] [1f 26-44] [8m slaves under 14] The index left out the 1f 26-44, but that column was "ticked off" on the sheet.
1830 Washington Co., IN - James B. Crade [1m 5-9] [1m 10-14] [1m 15-19] [1m 20-29] [1m 40-49]
[1f 0-5] [1f 5-9] [1f 10-14] [1f 15-19] [1f 40-49]

1840 Shelby Co., IN - James B. Crail [1m 15-19] [1m 20-29] [1m 50-59] [1f 10-14] [1f 50-59]

We'll look at 1810 first. James should have been about 27 [b. 1783], Margaret 25/6 [b. 1784/5] and  James Jr. 1 [b. c1809]

Results? 3m 0-10, 1m 10-15, 1m 26-44, 1f 45+ Should be 1m 0-10 1m 26-44 1 f 26-44.
No explanation for the discrepancies, other than the enumerator misfired or other family members were living with the Crails.

From what I have pieced together, the known family of James and Margaret was as follows: [*accounted for in census]

name             est. born 1820 1830 1840 married
James B. Sr. [b. 1783]  37*     47*   57*  c1808
Margaret      [b. 1784]  36*     46*   56*    "   "
James B. Jr. [b. 1809]  11*     21*    31   c1832
Thomas J.    [b. 1811]   9*      19*    29   c1836
Mary W.      [b. 1813]   7*      17*    27   c1834
Absalom      [b. 1816]   4*      14*   24*  c1844
Senar Jane   [b. 1820]   0*      10*   20    c1837
Robert R.     [b. 1822]   -          8*   18*  c1845
Margaret      [b. 1828]   -          2*   12*    dnm

Unaccounted for in 1820 and 1830 is a daughter born between 1810-1820. She may have died between 1830-1840 or married and has not been accounted for. Senar Jane married in Dearborn Co., so it is possible that the girl married in Ohio or Indiana.

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Evaluating information on the early Crails

Family info collected by historian/genealogist E.E. Barton in Pendleton Co., KY [available on CD] includes a letter that offers the following tidbits [2nd-hand] from a Crail lawyer/researcher in LA:

1) John Boggs Crail's mother was Lady Campbell, daughter of the Duke of Argyll.
2) John, on his father's side, was a direct lineal descendant of the Duke of Marlborough.
3) John's father was a prominent landowner, owner of Castle Crail in Scotland.
4) John arrived in America in 1763 and served two years with the 12th Virginia Regiment during the Revolutionary War.

Cool stuff, huh?
1) John Boggs Crail was the son of Thomas Crail Sr. and Elizabeth / Jane Wilson. Unless the missus had an earlier marriage to a Campbell back in Scotland, that Argyll connection is shot! The parents posted for her on Find A Grave were from Massachusetts - that is also a bit suspect. Value of info: marginal, at best.

2) John's father, Thomas, was reportedly born in Scotland about 1720. Thomas' father has been identified as various Creels, Creals and Crails. You'd think the family of the Dukes of Marlbourogh would keep better records of their male line! Value of info: marginal, at best.

3) According to Wikipedia, Castle Crail was in ruins by 1563, there wasn't much to own. Since the castle had been in ruins for about 160 years, by the time John's father was born, we can eliminate that bit. The odds of a prominent land owner cashing it all in for a gamble in America, are slim at best.Value of info: less than marginal.

4) John was born in Maryland, not Scotland, in 1745. He did serve in the 12th Virginia. [Rev. War pension file]. Value of info: adequate.

I don't know where Lawyer Crail's info came from, but someone in the family had a desire for a "prominent family" and invented same!

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

The Will of Thomas Crail: 10 April 1809

Now we begin with documentation and linking it to family line. First up, the will of Thomas Crail.

Thomas Crail of Pendleton, KY is believed to be the father of James B. Crail, Sr. and husband of Elizabeth Berry. Thomas made his will on 10 April 1809 [Deed Book B, p. 243] naming his wife, Elizabeth, and sons Wilson, Absalom, James and John. Also named is Edward Downing and his children [Eliza, Sally, Elizabeth and Polly]. Downing married Thomas' daughter, Elizabeth. Witnessing the will were Joel Berry, Stephen Mullins, James Morris and Pope Williams. Son, Wilson, and wife, Elizabeth, were named executors. Will probated: 15 May 1809.

Two of the witnesses are of note:
(1) Joel Berry was believed to be the brother of Elizabeth Berry Crail.
(2) Stephen Mullins was the brother of Richard Mullins, who married Rebecca Berry, Joel's daughter.

The James named in Thomas Crail's will was James Berry Crail, Sr.

Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Under Investigation: Possible Crail Lineage

Here is the possible Crail family line:

(1) Me
(2) Mom [Ruthjane McHugh m. Hugh C. Prall]
(3) Bess Catherine Crail m. Charles J. McHugh
(4) Dr. James Crail m. Ama Jemima Simmons
(5) Aaron Crail m. Catherine O'Neil
(6) James Berry Crail, Jr. m. Mary Ann Jones
(7) James Berry Crail, Sr. m. Margaret Stewart
(8) Thomas Crail, Jr. m. Elizabeth Berry
(9) Thomas Crail, Sr. m. Elizabeth Anne or Jane Wilson

Earlier generations are assigned, but don't fit too well. For example, one of the earlier Crails was roughly 50-60 years older than his son. That is possible, but unlikely with a single marriage.

Pennsylvania and Virginia records need to be researched to make sure the right Crails are in the right colony/state at the right time. Kentucky, Ohio and/or Indiana figure into most generations.

It should be interesting convincing myself I have the family sorted out as I go along.

Saturday, September 16, 2017

Mary Ann Jones [Crail]

What is known about Mary Ann Jones Crail?

1) She was born in Ohio in 1811 [aged 76 at death in 1887]

2) Her father's "name" was T. Jones [per death certificate] & was born in Kentucky.

3) She married James B. Crail before 1835 in Ohio.

4) Named as mother on death certificates of John Crail & George Crail. Mother of Sylvester & Aaron based on other evidence.

5) Residences: 1835-1837 Hamilton Co., OH; 1839 Marion Co., OH; 1843 Miami Co., IN, 1851-1854 Shelby Co., IN.

6) From 1875-1887 she resided with either Sylvester or John. [Indy City Directory entries]

7) Mary Ann died 11 August 1887 and was buried at Crown Hill Cemetery.

Friday, September 15, 2017

James B. Crail

What is known about James B. Crail?

1) He was according to  census and death records of his children, born in Ohio.

2) In some cases he was referred to as "Junior." Therefore, his father was James Berry Crail Sr., who married Margaret Stewart.

3) Sometime prior to January 1835, he married Mary Ann Jones, also of Ohio.

4) James Crail, James B. Crail, J.B. Crail was named as the father of Sylvester B. Crail [b. 1835 Hamilton Co., OH], John V. Crail [b. 1837 Hamilton Co., OH], George B. Crail [b. 1843 Miami Co., IN] and by proof of relationship to Sylvester and John, Aaron S. Crail [b. 1839 Marion Co., OH].

5) He was in Hamilton Co., OH from, at least, 1835-1837;  Marion Co., OH 1839, Miami Co., IN 1843, Shelby Co., IN 1851-54 [deed records]

6) James died between 1854 [recorded in Shelby Co., IN] and 1874. Beginning in 1875, Mary was listed as a widow in the Indianapolis City directories.

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

My Resolve is Weakening!

Sticking with my Crail family......
John and Sylvester Crail moved around a bit before1875. Aaron was living in southern Hamilton Co., IN when he died in 1868. His widow, Catherine, moved with her son James until he went to veterinary school in Canada [1892-94], then opened a practice in Shelbyville, IN.

John and Sylvester stayed in Indy from about 1875 on. [Sylvester moved to the State Soldiers Home at Lafayette in 1897 and died the next year.] Catherine moved in with John for a few years, until James was transferred from Chicago to Indy in 1911.

John Crail lived on the "Old North Side" of Indianapolis late in his life. George B. Crail Sr. was also residing in this part of town around the turn of the 20th century.

The 1902 Indianapolis City Directory contained the following entries:
John Crail - 1743 Alvord
George B. Crail - 2336 Sheldon
These two addresses are/were 0.98 miles apart.
Also residing at the Sheldon address: Albert Crail [Geo. B.'s son]
The Alvord addess was home to: Catherine Crail [John's sister-in-law]; and George Crail [presumably George B.'s son]
James F. Crail was residing at 2309 Yandes, just a block or two from his father, George B.
Albert R. Crail lived at 1927 Alvord [John's son]
[John was living on Cornell (a couple of streets over from Alvord) when he died in 1907.]

If George B. Crail Jr. was boarding at the home of John Crail, would it not make sense to suspect a possible familial relationship? If so, at the least, George Sr. and John were therefore related. Cousins? Brothers?

Should I give in and accept George B. Crail Sr. [1842-1923] as brother of Sylvester [1835-1898], John [1837-1907] and Aaron [1829-1868]?

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

A New Bit of Evidence in an old Research Problem

I have come across an item that gives a place for a "possible relative" during a time frame that he was formerly "missing" from.

I was looking at the Indiana State Archives online  records the other day and, of course came across the entries in the Civil War records for gggf Aaron Crail and his older brothers, Sylvester and John. Also shown was a record for a George B. Crail. George is the "unconfirmed brother" of Aaron, Sylvester and John.

Accession #1938001:
CRAIL, George B. - age 19
Enrolled: 12 July 1863 - Regiment 107 - Company D
Discharged: 20 July 1863 - Indianapolis, Indiana
Reference #CIV041329

The 107th Indiana Infantry was a state militia regiment mustered in a precaution against Morgan's Raid. Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan's Confederates staged a raid on Kentucky, Southern Indiana and Ohio from 11 June - 26 July 1863.

The members of the 107th were all from Indianapolis. Once Morgan entered Ohio, the threat to Indiana was over and the regiment was disbanded.

George B. Crail's service was only 8 days. He was 19 in 1863, placing his birth in 1843 or 1844. According to Crail's death certificate, he was born 19 Feb 1843. George would have been 20 at the time the 107th was mustered in. A one year difference in age here is not a major concern. Aaron Crail's age fluctuates from record to record during the war.

Sylvester served with the 79th Indiana [1862] & the Veterans Reserve Corps [1864], while John & Aaron enlisted with the 124th Indiana in the spring of 1864.

The main item of interest in George's case is the fact he was an Indianapolis [Marion Co.] in 1863. Aaron, John and Sylvester moved back and forth between Marion and Hamilton Counties between about 1855 and their deaths [1868, 1898 and 1907]. Sylvester spent the last year of his life at the State Soldiers' Home in Lafayette, IN.

If George was the brother of the other three and was in Indy in 1863, does that mean he was living with his / their elusive parents [James B. Crail, Jr. & Mary A. Jones]? At 19-20, George was old enough to be on his own or to be living at home with the folks.

The mystery continues!

Monday, September 11, 2017

Civil War Research

As I prepare to wrap up, for now, research on three Union Civil War era brothers [Lewis, George and Charles] of my great-great-grandmother, Catherine Laubscher Wagner, I thought I'd offer a short post on researching Civil War ancestors.

What makes this trio a bit unique is that they were born in Baden [Germany]. First name variations [Lewis & Louis; George & Georg; Charles & Carl] and surname variations [Laubscher, Lobsher, Lobshire, Laubshire, etc.]. Also Lewis had a son, Otto, who fought for the Confederacy.

Here are some guidelines:
1. Check the census records to confirm that your ancestors were of age to serve. They should have been about 15 in 1860.

2. Check the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database for your veteran's name. The more you know, the better, but name will suffice.
https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-overview.htm

3. Check Fold3 [www.fold3.com] for Civil War records. [paid site] Also check Family Search [free] and Ancestry.com [paid]

4. Check state and local archives for information on your ancestor.

5. Search for other Civil War sites for records, unit histories and rosters, etc.

6. If your CW vet received a pension, order the complete file from the National Archives. It may be more economical to hire a DC area genealogist to go to the NARA and copy the file for you.

7. If the widow of your vet filed for a pension, order it as well. [see #6]

8. Order your ancestor's military service record from the NARA. [see #6] Fold3 is beginning to digitize Civil War records, so check that first.

9. Check with the family to see what photos, records, letters, etc. have been passed down. [Actually, this should be #1!]

 For Confederate records:

10. Start with #2 above.

11. Check websites [Fold3, Ancestry, Family Search, etc.] for available CSA records.

12. Check archives and libraries for the Confederate States [SC, NC, VA, TN, TX, AR, FL, AL, LA, MS, GA] & Border states [KY, MD, DE, MO] to see what pension, service and other records are available for Confederate soldiers.

13. Also [for both sides] check to see what prison camp records are available.

A note to researchers: Although admitting to having Confederate soldiers in the family tree may not politically correct nowadays, don't let that stop you from going ahead with your research. The Civil War happened. Many Southerners owned slaves and fought for the right to maintain their slave-based economic systems. Others fought because they were loyal to their home state of Virginia, North Carolina, etc. Some Northerners fought for the CSA. The border states saw men fight for both sides. Still others deserted and switched sides, or were captured and switched sides to avoid POW camps.  Accept all of this as fact, Be proud that your ancestors fought for the cause they believed in. 156 years after the fact, we may not agree with the decisions that they made, but those decisions were made based on the time they lived in, not our time. Accept the decision and be proud of the stand taken.

When I started teaching in Florida, I got a lot of "You're a Yankee!" My reply? "Yeah, we won the war, get over it!" :)- That's similar to my reply to those who rant about the CSA. It happened, get over it, or at least accept it. You sure can't change it!

Sunday, September 10, 2017

Good-bye Merrie Olde England!

Yesterday's post lays to rest an arduous adventure into Medieval English research. We say good-bye to Kings Henry and Edward and several families with little imagination when it came to naming children! The Botelers, for example, had way too many Ralphs, Philips and Johns!

I will be returning to my Laubschers and trying to figure out why Rebel cousin Otto was so prone to being captured by the Union forces and ended up his post-war life in PA & NY. Maybe his Union father and uncles helped him see the error of his ways! Keep checking back for the story. 

Saturday, September 9, 2017

Boteler: Gen. 6-7 & Sources

Sixth Generation
  
6.  John Boteler Esquire (Philip-5, John-4, John-3, Philip-2, Philip-1) was born 26 aug 1514/5 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom. He died bef 6 mar 1575/6 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom. He was buried 6 mar 1575/6 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.
John Boteler Esquire and Grizel Roche11 were married on 10 Jun 1540 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.11 Grizel Roche11, daughter of Brian Roche and Elizabeth [Roche], died 26 feb 1581/2 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.11
 
John Boteler and Grizel Roche had the following child:
 
7 i. Elizabeth Boteler, born ca 1550, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England; married Sir Henry Coningsby, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom; died ca 3 Feb 1613/4, prob. North Mimms, Hertfordshire, England.
 
Seventh Generation
 
7.  Elizabeth Boteler12 (John-6, Philip-5, John-4, John-3, Philip-2, Philip-1) was born circa 1550 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.12 She died circa 3 Feb 1613/4 at the age of 64 in prob. North Mimms, Hertfordshire, England.12
Elizabeth Boteler and Sir Henry Coningsby13 were married in Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.1314 Sir Henry Coningsby1213, son of John Coningsby and Elizabeth Frowyke, was born in 1546–1547 in North Mimms, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.1213 He died on 21 Jan 1590 at the age of 44 in North Mimms, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.1213 Sir Henry Coningsby was knighted at Theobald's in 1582, as Knight of the Weld and Nort Mimms. He served as Sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1569 and 1582. Sir Henry married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Boteler of Watton, Woodhall. His sister, Anne married Sir Philip Boteler, Henry's brother-in-law.

Henry will was dated 27 November 1587 and proved 21 January 1590/1.
 
Henry Coningsby and Elizabeth Boteler had the following child:
 
8 i. Elizabeth Coningsby, born ca 1574, Grimston, Norfolk, England; married Thomas Meautis, ca 1590, Westham, Essex, England; died Aug 1641, prob. Westham, Essex, England.
  
Sources:
1. Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 2004), 206-207.
        2. Robert Edmond Chester Waters Esq., B.A., Genealogical Memoirs of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chichley: Their Ancestors & Descendants, I (London: Robson & Sons, 1878), 138-139.
        3. Wikipedia, "John Cockayne [d. 1429]," database, Wiki Media Foundation, Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cokayne_(died_1429): accessed 1 September 2017), .
        4. Find A Grave, "Elizabeth Cockayne," database, Memerizon, Find A Grave (https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=174279556: accessed 1 September 2017), Elizabeth's birth.
        5. Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 466-467.
        6. "Marriage settlement between Philip Boteler & Isabel Willoughby," Mi D 4792, Marriage Arrangements, https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/manuscriptsandspecialcollections/learning/medievalwomen/theme5/documents.aspx; Manuscripts & Special Collections, University of Nottingham, University Park.
        7. Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 345, 466-467.
        8. Jorge H. Castilli, "Willoughby Family," database, Jorge H. Castilli, Tudor Place (http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/WILLOUGHBY1.htm#Isabel WILLOUGHBY1: accessed 31 August 2017), Isabel's birth year.
        9. Waters, Genealogical Memoirs of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chichley, 139, 157.
        10. Ted Williams & Robin Wood, "William Tyrell [1415-1462]," database, Wiki Tree, Wiki Tree (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Tyrell-6: accessed 31 August 2017), Tyrrell / Darcy / Boteler.
        11. Waters, Genealogical Memoirs of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chichley, 158-160.
        12. Darryl Lundy, "Coningsby," database, Lundy Consulting, The Peerage (www.thepeerage.com/p40742.htm#1407419: accessed 25 July 2017), Coningsby family.
        13. Lundy, The Peerage, Coningsby Family.
        14. John Millman, "The Genealogy of the Jermy Family," database, John Millman, The Tripartite Website (myweb.tiscali.co.uk/tripartite/jermyhomepage.htm: accessed 20 August 2016), Jermy family

Friday, September 8, 2017

Boteler: Gen. 3-5

 
Third Generation
  
3.  John Boteler9 (Philip-2, Philip-1) died in 1491–1499 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.9 He was born 1435/6 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.9 John was Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire in 1490 and was still living on 29 November 1491. He had died by the time his widow Constance died on 16 May 1499.

Boteler was married twice. His first wife, Elizabeth, was the mother of John. His 2nd wife, Constance de Vere [daughter of Richard] was the mother of Elizabeth, who married Thomas Lovett.

Numerous websites and histories incorrectly show Constance as a Downhall.
John Boteler and Elizabeth [Boteler]9 were married before 1459 in Watton on Stone, Hertfordshire, England.9 Elizabeth [Boteler]9 died on 28 Oct 1471 in Watton on Stone, Hertfordshire, England.9
 
John Boteler and Elizabeth [Boteler] had the following child:
 
4 i. John Boteler Esquire, born 1459, Watton on Stone, Hertfordshire, England; married Dorothy Tyrell/Tyrrell, 1487, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England; died 11 May 1514, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.
 
 
Fourth Generation
 
4.  John Boteler Esquire10 (John-3, Philip-2, Philip-1) was born in 1459 in Watton on Stone, Hertfordshire, England.10 He died on 11 May 1514 at the age of 55 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.10
John Boteler Esquire and Dorothy Tyrell/Tyrrell10 were married in 1487 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.10 Dorothy Tyrell/Tyrrell10, daughter of William Tyrell/Tyrrell and Margaret Darcy [D'Arcy], was born in 1459–61 in Gipping, Stowmarket, Suffolk, England.10 She died in 1491 at the age of 32 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.10
 
John Boteler and Dorothy Tyrell/Tyrrell had the following child:
 
5 i. Sir Philip Boteler, born by 1493, Watton on Stone, Hertfordshire, England; married Elizabeth Drury, ca 1510, Watton on Stone, Hertfordshire, England; died 28 Mar 1545, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.
 
 
Fifth Generation
 
5.  Sir Philip Boteler (John-4, John-3, Philip-2, Philip-1) was born by 1493 in Watton on Stone, Hertfordshire, England. He died on 28 Mar 1545 at the age of 52 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England. Sir Philip was the eldest son of John Boteler and his second wife, Dorothy Tyrell. Philip married Elizabeth Drury in 1510. She was the mother of three sons and seven daughters.

Boteler was one of the Knights of the Body to King Henry VIII in 1516. On 10 January 1520/1, he sold the reversion of Norbury Manor, Staffordshire, to Thomas Skrymaher for a rent-charge of forty marks per annum.

He was a Member of Parliament for Hertfordshire in 1529 and 1539. In 1530 Philip was one of the commissioners for Hertfordshire toinquire into the possessions of Wolsey. He was Sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1533 and 1540.

Boteler witnessed the christening of Prince Edward [later King Edward VI]. Sir Philip, in 1539-40, was among the knights appointed to meet Anne of Cleves.

Sir Philip and Dame Elizabeth, along with their son John and his wife Grizel, sold the advowson of Norbury to Skrymaher on 10 June 1540.

In 1544, he was enrolled as supplying men for the rearguard in the army against France and was appointed to levy recruits.

At the dissoution of the monasteries Henry VII gave the manor of Aston, for the tenth part of a knight's fee and a rent of seventeen shillings and eleven pence to Sir Philip Boteler, Sheriff of Hertford. Philip ruled at Woodhall in Watton parish. He built the manor of Aston Bury on the site of an old monastery to establish himself in Aston.
Sir Philip Boteler and Elizabeth Drury were married circa 1510 in Watton on Stone, Hertfordshire, England. Elizabeth Drury, daughter of Robert Drury and Anne Calthorpe, died on 11 Dec 1574 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.
 
Philip Boteler and Elizabeth Drury had the following child:
 
6 i. John Boteler Esquire, born 26 aug 1514/5, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom; married Grizel Roche, 10 Jun 1540, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom; died bef 6 Mar 1575/6, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom

Thursday, September 7, 2017

The Boteler Family: Gen. 1-2

The surname frequently appears as 'Butler,' so it would appear that Boteler is pronounced "butler." 
 
First Generation
 
1.  Philip Boteler12 was born in 1388 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.1 He died on 5 Nov 1420 at the age of 32 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.1 Philip inherited estates of Pulverbath, Shropshire, Norbury, Stafford and Higham-Gobion, Bedfordshire from his cousin Edward in 1412.

Philip's parents were Sir Philip Boteler [d. 1393] and Elizabeth. His grandparents were Sir Ralph Boteler and Katherine de Peletoyt, daughter of Sir Philip.

It was from his great-grandmother, Hawise Gibion [29 September 11262-1360], that Philip and Edward inherited their lands. Hawise married Sir Ralph Boteler [d. 13443.]

The rest of Philip's ancestry was believed to be:
Sir Ralph Boteler [d. 1307] and Matilda Marmion.
Ralph Boteler of Oversley and Matilda Pantulph
Maurice Boteler
Ralph Boteler
Ralph Boteler
Ralph le Boteler and Avice
Philip Boteler and Elizabeth Cockayne1 were married circa 1412 in Derbyshire, England.3 Elizabeth Cockayne4, daughter of John Cockayne and Ida Grey, was born circa 1394 in Bury Hatley, Bedfordshire, England.4 Elizabeth was the daughter of Sir John Cockayne and Ida Grey, Following Philip's death in 1420, she married Lawrence Cheyne on 13 December 1421. Her daughter, Elizabeth Cheyne, was the great-grandmother of Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour and Catherine Howard, queen consorts of Henry VIII.
 
Philip Boteler and Elizabeth Cockayne had the following child:
 
2 i. Sir Philip Boteler, born 15 Aug 1414, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England; married Isabel Willoughby, ca 6 Jan 1436, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England; died 28 Jul 1453, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.
 
 
Second Generation
 
2.  Sir Philip Boteler56 (Philip-1) was born on 15 Aug 1414 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.7 He died on 28 Jul 1453 at the age of 38 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.7 Sir Philip was Sheriff of Hertfordshire and Essex and Knight of the Shire of Hertford. He was heir to his older brother Edward in 1421. Boteler was also an executor of the estate of his father-in-law, Hugh Willoughby.

The marriage between Philip and Isabel was an arranged one. Following the death of Philip Boteler in 1420, the younger Philip's wardship and marriage rights were given to John Cockayne. Cockayne died in 1429. The executors of Philip's estate sold the wardship and marriage rights of young Philip to Hugh Willoughby of Wollaton, Nottinghamshire. Sir Hugh arranged for Philip to marry his daughter Isabel shortly after Philip turned 21.  Willoughby promised the couple 50 marks and took possession of Boteler's lands as set forth in the wardship. The marriage settlement was dated 6 January 1436. The marriage had undoubtedly taken place between August and December of 1435, following Philip's 21st birthday..
Sir Philip Boteler and Isabel Willoughby7 were married circa 6 Jan 1436 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.67 Isabel Willoughby7 was born circa 1418 in Wollaton, Nottinghamshire, England.8 She died after 1471 at the age of 53 in Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.7 Isabel was the daughter of Hugh Willoughby and Margaret Freville. She was descended from Henry II by his mistress Ida.
 
Philip Boteler and Isabel Willoughby had the following child:
 
3 i. John Boteler, born 1435/6, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England; married Elizabeth [Boteler], bef 1459, Watton on Stone, Hertfordshire, England; died 1491–1499, Watton Woodhall, Hertfordshire, England.